Back Up Content Database For Upgrade - TSQL

Specifying a Backup File by Using Its Physical Name

The basic BACKUP syntax for specifying a backup file by using its physical device name is:

BACKUP DATABASE database_name

   TO DISK = { 'physical_backup_device_name' | @physical_backup_device_name_var }

For example:

BACKUP DATABASE AdventureWorks2008R2 
   TO DISK = 'Z:\SQLServerBackups\AdventureWorks2008R2.bak';

To specify a physical disk device in a RESTORE statement, the basic syntax is:

RESTORE { DATABASE | LOG } database_name

   FROM DISK = { 'physical_backup_device_name' | @physical_backup_device_name_var }

For example,

RESTORE DATABASE AdventureWorks2008R2 
   FROM DISK = 'Z:\SQLServerBackups\AdventureWorks2008R2.bak'; 

Specifying the Path of a Disk Backup File

When you are specifying a backup file, you should enter its full path and file name. If you specify only the file name or a relative path when you are backing up to a file, the backup file is put in the default backup directory. The default backup directory is C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL.n\MSSQL\Backup, where n is the number of the server instance. Therefore, for the default server instance, the default backup directory is: C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL10_50.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Backup.

To avoid ambiguity, especially in scripts, we recommend that you explicitly specify the path of the backup directory in every DISK clause. However, this is less important when you are using Query Editor. In that case, if you are sure that the backup file resides in the default backup directory, you can omit the path from a DISK clause. For example, the following BACKUP statement backs up the AdventureWorks2008R2 database to the AdventureWorks2008R2.bak backup file in the default backup directory.

BACKUP DATABASE AdventureWorks2008R2 
   TO DISK = ’AdventureWorks2008R2.bak’;
Note Note

The default location is stored in the BackupDirectory registry key under HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL.n\MSSQLServer.

Backing Up to a File on a Network Share

For SQL Server to access a remote disk file, the SQL Server service account must have access to the network share. This includes having the permissions needed for backup operations to write to the network share and for restore operations to read from it. The availability of network drives and permissions depends on the context is which SQL Server service is running:

  • To back up to a network drive when SQL Server is running in a domain user account, the shared drive must be mapped as a network drive in the session where SQL Server is running. If you start Sqlservr.exe from command line, SQL Server sees any network drives you have mapped in your login session.

  • When you run Sqlservr.exe as a service, SQL Server runs in a separate session that has no relation to your login session. The session in which a service runs can have its own mapped drives, although it usually does not.

  • You can connect with the network service account by using the computer account instead of a domain user. To enable backups from specific computers to a shared drive, grant access to the computer accounts. As long as the Sqlservr.exe process that is writing the backup has access, it is irrelevant whether the user sending the BACKUP command has access.

    Important note Important

    Backing up data over a network can be subject to network errors; therefore, we recommend that when you are using a remote disk you verify the backup operation after it finishes. For more information, see Verifying Backups.

Specifying a Universal Naming Convention (UNC) Name

To specify a network share in a backup or restore command, you should use the fully qualified universal naming convention (UNC) name of the file for the backup device. A UNC name has the form \\Systemname\ShareName\Path\FileName.

For example:

BACKUP DATABASE AdventureWorks2008R2 
   TO DISK = '\\BackupSystem\BackupDisk1\AW_backups\AdventureWorks2008R2Data.Bak';

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